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  • 115 4 07 24 3 1015 7 42 0 9 126 5 08 23 6 1016 4 44 0 4 148 9 09 23 0 1016 8 45 0 2 307 1 10 22 9 1017 0 46 0 7 318 3 11 25 5 1017 0 47 1 1 325 2 12 29 1 1016 5 41 0 7 132 1 13 31 1 1015 9 36 2 7 133 8 14 32 8 1015 1 32 4 0 132 4 15 34 3 1014 4 29 4 7 133 6 16 35 6 1013 6 26 5 0 135 8 17 36 6 1012 8 24 5 2 137 4 18 37 1 1011 9 22 5 6 138 1 19 37 0 1011 2 22 6 0 138 0 20 36 4 1010 8 22 6 5 137 5 21 35 3 1010 6 23 6 7 137 3 22 33 9 1010 7 23 6 7 137 7 23 32 4 1011 2 25 6 0 140 7 24 30 5 1012 0 27 4 4 142 3 25 28 9 1012 9 30 2 2 144 6 26 27 3 1013 5 33 0 3

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/LINKS/RAMS/Locations/Galatades.dat (2016-02-13)
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  • 148 9 07 23 6 1015 7 44 1 2 169 9 08 23 0 1016 4 45 0 9 217 1 09 22 5 1016 9 47 0 9 260 2 10 22 4 1017 0 48 1 0 280 2 11 24 7 1017 0 50 0 6 296 8 12 28 2 1016 7 43 0 4 183 0 13 30 3 1016 1 38 1 4 169 4 14 32 2 1015 4 33 2 2 164 9 15 33 9 1014 6 30 2 7 166 7 16 35 2 1013 8 27 3 1 170 9 17 36 1 1012 9 25 3 6 175 3 18 36 4 1012 1 24 4 4 175 8 19 36 0 1011 4 23 5 5 172 4 20 35 2 1011 1 24 6 0 167 7 21 34 1 1011 0 24 6 0 164 8 22 32 7 1011 1 25 6 0 163 3 23 31 2 1011 5 26 5 4 163 5 24 29 4 1012 2 29 4 3 169 5 25 28 0 1013 0 32 2 8 178 7 26 26 7 1013 6 34 1 7

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/LINKS/RAMS/Locations/Kristoni.dat (2016-02-13)
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  • 155 5 07 24 3 1015 8 43 1 1 174 1 08 23 7 1016 4 44 0 8 209 2 09 23 1 1016 9 46 0 7 258 7 10 22 9 1017 1 47 0 9 290 6 11 25 2 1017 1 48 1 0 312 3 12 28 4 1016 8 43 0 2 69 8 13 30 8 1016 2 37 1 5 116 8 14 32 5 1015 6 33 2 6 123 2 15 34 1 1014 8 30 3 3 127 8 16 35 4 1014 1 27 3 6 131 3 17 36 3 1013 3 25 3 9 134 6 18 36 7 1012 6 24 4 5 137 7 19 36 3 1011 9 24 5 4 140 1 20 35 5 1011 4 24 6 1 141 1 21 34 4 1011 3 25 6 5 142 5 22 33 1 1011 3 25 6 7 144 8 23 31 6 1011 6 26 6 3 147 8 24 29 8 1012 2 29 5 0 153 6 25 28 4 1012 9 33 3 1 159 9 26 27 1 1013 6 35 1 3

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/LINKS/RAMS/Locations/Meliki.dat (2016-02-13)
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  • Circe Project
    predict and to quantify physical impacts of climate change in the Mediterranean area To evaluate the consequences of climate change for the society and the economy of the populations located in the Mediterranean area To develop an integrated approach to understand combined effects of climate change To identify adaptation and mitigation strategies in collaboration with regional stakeholders CIRCE wants to understand and to explain how climate will change in the Mediterranean area The project will investigate how global and Mediterranean climates interact how the radiative properties of the atmosphere and the radiative fluxes vary the interaction between cloudiness and aerosol the modifications in the water cycle Recent observed modifications in the climate variables and detected trends will be compared The economic and social consequences of climate change shall be evaluated by analysing direct impacts on migration tourism and energy markets together with indirect impacts on the economic system CIRCE will moreover investigate the consequences on agriculture forests and ecosystems human health and air quality The variability of extreme events in the future scenario and their impacts will be assessed A rigorous common framework including a set of quantitative indicators developed specifically for the Mediterranean environment will be developed and used

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/circe_prsum.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Circe Project
    precipitation saline output to the Atlantic water vapour export frequency and distribution of extreme events nutrient load into the sea and sensitivity to water stress CIRCE will build on the extensive modelling experience already available but it will develop specific modelling scenarios for the Mediterranean in terms of resolution process and feedback inclusions understanding and specific diagnostic studies for the Mediterranean area The RACCM will be produced in close consultation with stakeholders The start up meeting of the project will be held jointly with carefully selected stakeholders who will contribute to better defined and more relevant priorities and issues Thus CIRCE will develop an understanding of the different needs of the European Region and enhance and develop analysis methods models and indicators Under the project the interactive effects of climate change will become better understood and predictions of risk and the prior assessment of policy effects will be improved To this end CIRCE will invite continued contributions from Mediterranean stakeholders from the outset RL0 whilst providing clear scientific evidence on the observed climatic trends RL1 climate evolution scenarios for the 21st century RL2 and radiation changes RL3 and evaluating local processes of the Mediterranean RL4 The potential for changes in the frequency intensity and duration of extreme events is of immediate importance to policy makers and will be a central question to the project RL6 Future changes in the water cycle RL5 agriculture and ecosystems RL7 air quality RL8 and the economy RL10 will be evaluated Impacts on health RL9 will also be assessed The integration of results in a series of case studies RL11 will be driven by stakeholder questions geography and temporal scale The relevant societal strategies interacting with the climate drivers to determine impacts will be examined RL12 and the derived induced policies will be also addressed

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/circe_con.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Circe Project
    export frequency and distribution of extreme events nutrient load into the sea and sensitivity to water stress CIRCE will build on the extensive modelling experience already available but it will develop specific modelling scenarios for the Mediterranean in terms of resolution process and feedback inclusions understanding and specific diagnostic studies for the Mediterranean area The impacts of climate change will be analysed and evaluated in their oceanographic meteorological ecological economic and societal dimensions Information will be provided in terms of economically meaningful variables such as productivity changes variation of resource stocks shifts in technology and demand patterns Economic consequences for agriculture will be evaluated through estimation of agricultural productivity management and profit Similarly impacts on forestry and on biodiversity will be investigated CIRCE will focus particularly on the direct economic impacts for four crucial sectors for the Mediterranean region health tourism energy demand and human migration The project will provide the advances required to meet policy needs in these sectors To do that CIRCE aims to build a new vision of the interactions between climate factors and socio economic evolutions trying to overcome two classical obstacles faced by a number of research projects on climate impacts The first obstacle is often the imbalance between physical and natural science and social sciences In Circe this imbalance has been corrected and social sciences are a strong component of the project CIRCE brings together the natural sciences community and social community in a new integrated and comprehensive way The second obstacle is linked to the first a climate all vision of society that is to put climate as the major constraint of human behaviour to understand adaptation This bias is sometimes necessary for the needs of modelling but then produces irrelevant elements of analysis for policy making A more realistic approach is needed

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/circe_obj.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Circe Project
    totally decouple agricultural subsidies from production Future payments to farmers will be linked to environmental issues food safety animal and plant health and animal welfare standards as well as the requirement to keep all farmland in good agricultural and environmental condition cross compliance Climate change could wreak havoc with this scenario changing established methods and practice reducing biodiversity and resulting in huge financial demands from the sector CIRCE will produce the first comprehensive integrated regional assessment of climate change impacts in the Mediterranean region attempting to integrate knowledge from several disciplines focusing on the Mediterranean area and filling up research gaps when necessary The project will foster regional cooperation infrastructure establishment scientific training and dialogue with policy makers It will also constitute a coherent contribution to the IPCC process and to major international programs such as IGBP CIRCE will also respond to the ESSP Earth System Science Partnership initiative on helping to understand the Earth System the changes that are occurring to the System and the implications of these changes for global sustainability Considering specifically the Mediterranean area the objectives of CIRCE reflect important issues and motivations raised by the scientific community in the MedCLIVAR project endorsed by CLIVAR and ESF for which CIRCE represents a fundamental support CIRCE will integrate scientific effort within a wider social and economic context The direction of the scientific discourse will be discussed with diverse stakeholder groups through focus groups consensus conferences scientific forums and workshops This interaction will help to better define the questions and issues addressed by the scientific analyses A communication strategy will be defined to disseminate the results of the project to the media and the public This will include assessing the impact of the project and its results on the media and public events and also the implementation of

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/circe_imp.htm (2016-02-13)
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  • Circe Project
    the Middle East and the Indian Ocean Kallos et al 1993 1997 1999 Millan et al 1997 Due to the dominance of the clear sky conditions for long periods in the Mediterranean region photochemical activity is considerable at all scales Kallos et al 1997 Balis et al 2002 Zerefos et al 2002 Kouvarakis et al 2002 O3 and PM formation and transport are key issues in the region Luria et al 1996 In addition to this air pollution transport and transformation activity the uptake transport and deposition of Saharan dust towards the Mediterranean region and Europe is an important factor that contributes significantly in air quality degradation ecosystems and water management Rodriguez et al 2001 Oszoy et al 2001 Levin et al 1996 Givati and Rosenfeld 2004 Kallos et al 2006 This is a major factor that affects air quality in the region to such extend that many areas and cities cannot meet the imposed EU regulations Rodriguez et al 2001 WHO 2003 The water budget in the Mediterranean region is in a critical balance and is a critical issue because it affects hundreds of millions of people and a fragile ecosystem The impacts of the PM and mineral dust on the water budget and radiative transfer are very complicated and can affect them in various ways Nickovic et al 2001 Oszoy et al 2001 Kallos et al 2006 It can lead to the warming of mid tropospheric layers and cooling of the surface and therefore suppress precipitation it can reduce precipitation due the high amounts of CCNs Rosenfeld 2000 Levin et al 2005 but it can lead to the appearance of heavy rainfall due to the formation of giant CCNs Levin et al 2005 Such giant CCNs can be formed in wet environment due to the coexistence and interactions

    Original URL path: http://forecast.uoa.gr/circe_rl.htm (2016-02-13)
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