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  • The Institution
    Bills and Law proposals that do not fall exclusively in the competence of the Plenum according to the Constitution The President of the Republic promulgates and publishes all the Bills and Law Proposals passed by the Parliament within one month of the vote Apart from the legislative work the Parliament exercises other competences such as Constitutional revision Electing the President of the Hellenic Republic Voting of the Standing Orders Voting of the state budget the financial statement of the state and the general balance sheet of the state as well as the adoption of the Parliament s budget and its financial statement Approval of economic and social growth programs Resolution on the proclamation of a referendum Waivers of immunity The invitation to Heads of States Heads of Governments and internationally acclaimed persons to address the parliament Parliamentary control The Government is submitted to Parliamentary control according to the Constitution following the procedure set out in the Parliament s Standing Orders A vote of confidence The Government must enjoy the confidence of Parliament Each new Government after a general election or after the previous government s resignation has to appear before Parliament and ask for a vote of confidence During a parliamentary term the Government may additionally ask for the expressed confidence of Parliament On the other hand the Parliament may submit a motion of censure signed by at least 50 MPs i e a sixth of a total 300 stating explicitly the subjects on which the debate is to be held For a censure motion to pass thus proving that Parliament has indeed withdrawn its confidence from the Government the absolute majority of MPs 151 must vote in favor of the motion A motion of censure may not be submitted before the lapse of six months from the rejection by Parliament of such a motion Exceptionally it may be submitted before the lapse of six months if it is signed by the majority of the total number of MPs Other means of parliamentary control A motion of censure is not the only means by which the Parliament controls and scrutinizes Government actions The Constitution and the Standing Orders of the Parliament provide further means for exercising Parliamentary Control Through such means the Parliament may ask the Government for clarifications and explanations or scrutinize of government actions or omissions Petitions Individuals or groups of citizens may address the Parliament in writing to make complaints or requests MPs may adopt such petitions upon submission or while they are being read before the Assembly A Minister has 25 days to reply to a petition an MP has endorsed Questions MPs have the right to submit written questions to Ministers on matters of public importance Such questions aim at keeping Parliament updated on specific issues Ministers have to reply in writing within 25 days Current questions MPs have the right to submit written questions to the Prime Minister or Ministers on issues of current political significance Current questions are answered and debated in the

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/O-Thesmos (2016-02-10)
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  • The Constitution
    the Hellenic Parliament The Building Historical Background Virtual Tour Multimedia Archives The Library About the Library Collections Parliamentary Collection Catalogues Digital Library Links The Parliament The Political System The Constitution Download the updated and revised Constitution in pdf format THE CONSTITUTION OF GREECE HELLENIC PARLIAMENT as revised by the parliamentary resolution of May 27th 2008 of the VIIIth Revisionary Parliament CONSTITUTION DE LA GRÈCE PARLEMENT HELLÉNIQUE Révisée le 27 mai

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/To-Politevma/Syntagma (2016-02-10)
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  • Constitutional History
    of the Schleswig Holstein Sønderburg Glücksburg dynasty as monarch During the transition period October 1862 October 1863 the system of governance was that of a governing parliament which was in operation for the first and the last time in the constitutional history of the country The Constitution of 1864 was the product of the 2nd Athens National Assembly that followed a popular revolt The Constitution included 110 articles and was influenced by the Constitutions of Belgium 1831 and Denmark 1849 With the revisions of 1911 and 1952 this Constitution lasted more than a century One of the most important elements of the new charter was the restoration of the principle of popular sovereignty where the people and not the monarch were the source and the driving force of state power In addition it established the principles of direct universal and secret ballot which would take place simultaneously in the entirety of the country The Assembly opted for a single chamber unicameral Parliament for a four year term and hence abolished the Senate The new Constitution would also allow Parliament to establish fact finding investigation committees Moreover the King preserved the right to convoke ordinary and extraordinary parliamentary sessions and dissolve Parliament at his discretion as long as however the Cabinet signed and endorsed the dissolution decree The democratic nature of the new political system was also affirmed by the Throne speech in August 11 1875 The speech established albeit informally the principle of the parliament s declared confidence which attributed a different meaning to the entire system of the organization of political powers and legitimized fundamentally the introduction of the parliamentary system According to the principle of declared confidence the King had the obligation to appoint the Government taking into consideration the will of the parliament s majority Therefore the Constitutional provision according to which the King appoints and removes ministers was in practice confined insofar as the Government ought to receive a vote of confidence by the parliament The second period of Crowned Democracy and the declaration of a Republic 1911 1924 The Constitution of 1864 did not change until 1911 However the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th were characterized by significant sociopolitical changes The rise of the middle class a shift in the role of the military the gradual disappearance or the weakening of old political parties and practices the new economic conditions all exercised strong pressure on an obsolete political structure that had been put in place based on a different set of criteria From a political administrative and social point of view those were the reasons of the military coup of Goudi 1909 After that rebellion Eleftherios Venizelos leader of the Liberal Party became prime minister and proceeded with having the old Constitution of 1864 revised by the Second Revisionary Parliament The pivotal points of the 1911 Constitutional reform were the enhanced protection of human rights leading to the promulgation of the public law of the Hellenes which was the wording used at the time the reinforcement of the Rule of Law and institutional modernization With regard to the protection of individual rights the most noteworthy amendments to the Constitution of 1864 were a more effective protection of individual security equality in taxation the right to assemble and the inviolability of the domicile Furthermore the Constitution facilitated expropriation so as for land to be allocated to poor farmers while at the same time guaranteeing judicial protection of property rights Other important changes included the establishment of an Electoral Tribunal with a view to settling election disputes that ensued after general elections the addition of new reasons and capacities for MP incompatibilities the re establishment of the Supreme Administrative Court as the highest administrative court improved protection of judicial independence job permanence for public servants and a mandatory military service Finally it was the first time that the Constitution made provision for mandatory and free education for all while the process of Constitutional revision was simplified Nonetheless the revolution of September 1922 resulted in the establishment of a Republic and the abolition of the Crown The revolution was the outcome of a variety of domestic and international reasons such as the continuous conflicts of the political leadership with the palace the catastrophic events in Asia Minor and the transformation of the geo political situation in South East Europe With the decisive contribution of Alexandros Papanastasiou the 4th Athens Constituent Assembly abolished in March 25 1922 the monarchy and established a Republic Democracy The Constitution of 1927 Whilst the Fourth Constituent Assembly was working towards a new Constitution on the 25th of June 1925 there was a coup by General Th Pangalos followed by a second one by Kondylis in 1926 After the fall of the dictatorship the Parliament of the First Term was elected and eventually adopted the Constitution of 1927 This Constitution is of special importance both with regard to social rights provisions and with regard to the introduction of new political institutions In a chapter on the Public law of the Hellenes the Constitution of 1927 guaranteed further protection of certain individual rights e g the freedom of the press while it consolidated certain social rights protection of work protection of the family etc However its most significant feature was that it made provision for a head of state that the Parliament and the Senate would elect to serve a five year term The President of the Republic would be held unaccountable from a political point of view he would not possess any legislative powers and could only dissolve the Parliament with the Senate s approval Some other innovative clauses of this Constitution included the institution of a provisional constitutional referendum and the protection for the first time of fundamental social rights such as the protection of science and the arts Moreover this Constitution provided for the protection of local governments and it allowed for the constitutional control of voted Acts of Law by competent courts It also recognized

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/To-Politevma/Syntagmatiki-Istoria (2016-02-10)
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  • Εlections
    be part of the electorate Principles governing the electoral process Α Universal ballot according to this principle only citizens that do not fulfill the minimum requirements provided by the Constitution may be excluded from the electorate The ordinary lawmaker may not provide additional reasons to deprive an individual of the right to vote Β Equal ballot a principle of dual significance i e i one citizen one vote and ii all votes are legally equal C Direct ballot according to this principle there should be nothing standing between the voter and the outcome of the electoral process In other words it is not possible for voters to choose electors to elect MPs D Secret ballot a principle to ensure that the intent of the voter shall not be made known to others Ε Compulsory ballot according to this principle the exercise of the voting right is compulsory Let it be noted nonetheless that the Constitutional revision of 2001 removed a clause by virtue of which penal sanctions could possibly have been imposed by law on constituents who failed to take part in the electoral process F Simultaneous conduct of elections throughout Greece Revised article 51 par 4 of the Constitution refers to possible exceptions to this rule in case constituents voters are abroad as long as all votes are counted simultaneously and the outcome of the electoral process is publicized at the same time everywhere G The principle of exercising one s voting right in person making the physical presence of a voter imperative currently applies to voters who are on Greek territory Revised article 51 par 4 of the Constitution offers Greek voters abroad an option to exercise their right to vote in absentia through postal and or other appropriate means The electoral system The electoral system is the

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/To-Politevma/Ekloges (2016-02-10)
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  • Election Results
    62 671 325 Κ Κ Ε Communist Party of Greece Papariga Alexandra 26 8 48 536 104 LAIKOS SYNDESMOS CHRYSI AVGI People s Association Golden Dawn Michaloliakos Nikolaos 21 6 97 440 985 DHM AR Democratic Left Kouvelis Fotios Fanourios 19 6 11 386 394 Final Composition of 14th Parliamentary Term Election Oct 4 2009 13th Parliamentary Term Oct 4 2009 through Apr 11 2012 Party Party Leader Seats Percentage Votes PA SO K Panhellenic Socialist Movement Papandreou Giorgos 160 43 94 2 995 978 N D New Democracy Karamanlis Konstantinos from Nov 30 2009 Samaras Antonis 91 33 49 2 283 562 Κ Κ Ε Communist Party of Greece Papariga Alexandra 21 7 53 513 787 LA O S Popular Orthodox Rally Karatzaferis Georgios 15 5 62 383 522 SY RIZ A Coalition of the Radical Left Tsipras Alexios 13 4 59 313 231 Final Composition of 13th Parliamentary Term Election Sept 16 2007 12th Parliamentary Term 8th Revisionary Sept 16 2007 through Sept 7 2009 Party Party Leader Seats Percentage Votes N D New Democracy Karamanlis Konstantinos 152 41 84 2 994 979 PA SO K Panhellenic Socialist Movement Papandreou Giorgos 102 38 10 2 727 279 Κ Κ Ε Communist Party of Greece Papariga Alexandra 22 8 15 583 750 SY RIZ A Coalition of the Radical Left Alavanos Alexandros 14 5 04 361 101 LA O S Popular Orthodox Rally Karatzaferis Georgios 10 3 80 271 809 Final Composition of 12th Parliamentary Term Election March 7 2004 11th Parliamentary Term March 7 2004 through August 18 2007 Party Party Leader Seats Percentage Votes N D New Democracy Karamanlis Konstantinos 165 45 36 3 360 424 PA SO K Panhellenic Socialist Movement Papandreou Giorgos 117 40 55 3 003 988 Κ Κ Ε Communist Party of Greece Papariga Alexandra 12 5 90 436 818 SY RIZ A Coalition of the Radical Left Konstantopoulos Nikolaos from Dec 12 2004 Alavanos Alexandros 6 3 26 241 714 Final Composition of 11th Parliamentary Term Election April 9 2000 10th Parliamentary Term April 9 2000 through Feb 11 2004 Party Party Leader Seats Percentage Votes PA SO K Panhellenic Socialist Movement Simitis Konstantinos 158 43 80 3 008 081 N D New Democracy Karamanlis Konstantinos 125 42 73 2 934 948 Κ Κ Ε Communist Party of Greece Papariga Alexandra 11 5 52 379 280 Coalition of the Left and Progress Konstantopoulos Nikolaos 6 3 2 219 988 Final Composition of 10th Parliamentary Term Election Sept 22 1996 9th Parliamentary Term Sept 22 1996 through March 14 2000 Party Party Leader Seats Percentage Votes PA SO K Panhellenic Socialist Movement Simitis Konstantinos 162 41 49 2 814 779 N D New Democracy Evert Miltiadis 108 38 12 2 586 089 Κ Κ Ε Communist Party of Greece Papariga Alexandra 11 5 6 380 046 Coalition of the Left and Progress Konstantopoulos Nikolaos 10 5 12 347 236 Democratic Social Movement DI K KI Tsovolas Dimitrios 9 4 44 300 954 Final

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/To-Politevma/Ekloges/Eklogika-apotelesmata-New (2016-02-10)
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  • Standing Orders of the Hellenic Parliament
    Info Skip submenu The Institution The Political System The Constitution Constitutional History Εlections Election Results Standing Orders of the Hellenic Parliament The Building Historical Background Virtual Tour Multimedia Archives The Library About the Library Collections Parliamentary Collection Catalogues Digital Library Links The Parliament Standing Orders of the Hellenic Parliament Click to download the draft translation of Standing Orders of the Hellenic Parliament Section of parliamentary business tr by Dr Alexandros

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/Kanonismos-tis-Voulis (2016-02-10)
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  • The Library
    aiming mainly to support the parliamentary work It especially corroborates the MPs and their assistants as well as all the departments of the Hellenic Parliament providing information on matters of parliamentary interest The Library is also open to the public which can get information on the parliamentary activities and the legislative procedure on current legislation and records of parliamentary debates and also consult the Library s collections at its reading rooms Main Library Parliament Building Syntagma Square Opening Hours For the Members of the Parliament and their assistants Daily 9 00 20 30 during the Parliament s sessions Saturday 9 00 14 00 For the public Daily 9 00 14 00 17 30 20 30 Saturday 9 00 14 00 Contact Information 210 3707227 Reading Room 210 3707212 3707545 Fax 210 3707294 e mail reference parliament gr Map City Library Former Public Tobacco Factory Lenormant St 218 Opening Hours Monday and Wednesday 9 00 18 00 Tuesday Thursday and Friday 9 00 15 00 Saturday 9 00 14 00 Contact Reading Room 210 5102606 210 5102065 Fax 210 510 20 80 e mail citylibrary parliament gr How to get there Subway Line 2 get off at SEPOLIA station Buses 12

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/I-Bibliothiki (2016-02-10)
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  • Digital Library
    for online navigation to the following Collections Newspapers Journals microfilms Visit The Library keeps one of the richest collections of Greek and foreign newspapers and journals since the 18th century Due to the fragility of the primary source and the augmented user interest the Library proceeded since the 80s to microfilming the collection The microfilming focused on the current production of large circulation Athens and Thessaloniki daily newspapers A similar more demanding effort was focused on microfilming Greek newspapers and journals of past centuries including material published all over the world Funded by the EU operational programme Information Society the Library has digitized more than 15 000 microfilms around 8 million digital items making the content of more than 3000 newspapers and journals of the 19th and the 20th century available through http catalog parliament gr Any relevant material produced after 1943 can be accessed only at the Library s reading rooms Historical Parliamentary Archives Visit The Library handles the Historical Parliamentary Archives 1843 1967 and has proceeded to a digitization project in order to make this material accessible to all Currently the following material is available online The 1st National Assembly Proceedings 1843 1844 The Parliament Proceedings 1844 1862

    Original URL path: http://www.parliament.gr/en/Vouli-ton-Ellinon/I-Bibliothiki/Psifiaki-Bibliothiki (2016-02-10)
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