archive-gr.com » GR » N » NAMUSEUM.GR

Total: 1098

Choose link from "Titles, links and description words view":

Or switch to "Titles and links view".
  • The Antikythera Shipwreck - Το Ναύαγιο των Αντικυθήρων
    Archaeology highlight the great importance and wealth of its cargo as well as the knowledge of ancient shipbuilding and navigation Official correspondence and photographs from the Directorate for the National Archive of Monuments of the Ministry for Culture demonstrate the enthralling story of the discovery and recovery of the shipwreck the first worldwide underwater expedition Bronze and marble sculpture luxurious glass vessels and golden jewellery a large amount of pottery

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/museum/pressreleases/2015/VR360_exhibition%20antikythera/index_more_en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive


  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    0 34 m The high neck is tubular the base conical or in other cases ring form and the handle which is always vertical extends from the shoulder to a little below the rim of the vase Large unglazed lagynoi utilitarian vases also known on Cyprus and Rhodes from the second quarter of the 3rd c BC were widespread in the 2nd and the first half of the 1st c BC in many regions of the eastern Mediterranean The white ground lagynoi from the shipwreck 9 examples belong to type with bi conical body have large dimensions h 0 28 0 30 m and present the same morphological characteristics as the unglazed ones They were widely disseminated along the coasts of Asia Minor in Cyprus in Egypt in Israel in the Aegean islands and especially on Delos in Athens and in the Peloponnese The third category more simplified and with very few examples has horizontal bands of unequal thickness set mainly on the edge of the shoulder slightly above the base thus emphasizing the articulations of the vase These bands were set either directly on the clay or on a white slip The chief characteristics of this catecory is its more careless construction such lagynoi were probably cheaper substitutes for the category of decorated white ground lagynoi Two lagynoi which have small dimensions belongs to a special category The first one has a bi conical flattened body curved shoulder and twisted handle and the other bi conical body with ring handles on its shoulder and relief decoration Vases of similar type and technique include the lagynoi from Amorgos Nisyros and Delos from the 2nd c BC The 47 lagynoi in the ship s cargo formed a homogeneous group with similar morphological characteristics which on the basis of parallels may be

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2015/jul/jul15-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    whether preserved wholly or in part were raised from the depths during the investigations of 1900 1901 Cousteau s excavations in 1976 added some more as well as fragments belonging to vessels that had come to light early in the century In many cases the newly discovered fragments were joined with the first finds The best known and most impressive glassworking techniques of the Hellenistic age are represented among the Antikythera shipwreck finds Our knowledge concerning the circulation and trade in glass whether unprocessed or in the form of vessels or as pieces destined for recycling is continually expanding with the discovery of shipwrecks throughout the Mediterranean However the importance of the Antikythera shipwreck lies not only in the fact that it provides a secure dating in the 2nd quarter of the 1st c BC but also a complete sampler of Syro Palestinian and perhaps also Egyptian production of glass vessels in the 1st half of the 1st c BC while simultaneously offering the first reliable evidence concerning glass trade between East and West Τhe luxury glassware from the shipwreck does not manage to shed light on the ship s port of origin or its route Independently of whether or not Delos was the ship s point of departure or a station on the way from coastal Αsia Minor the island s role as an international centre for transit trade makes especially attractive the hypothesis that the glass wares which had probably originated from Syro Palestinian the monochrome vessels and Egyptian the polychrome ones workshops were also loaded onto the ship at the port of Delos Furthermore the glass vessels found in excavations on Delos most of which are of types similar to those from the wreck have themselves been hypothesized as imports from Egypt or Syro Palestine The underwater

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2012/feb/feb12-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    is set rather close to the left the statue doubtless belongs among the Late Hellenistic variants of the Hermes Richelieu type The rendering of the hair which focuses on creating an impression rather than depicting detail is characteristic for this period The marble statues from the wreck may be divided into four categories in accordance with their stylistic characteristics a creations that copy or represent variants on famous works of Classical antiquity b classicizing creations that combine elements and compositions from the Classical period enriched by features of Hellenistic art c works strongly recalling creations of the Early and Middle Hellenistic age and d original creations of the Late Hellenistic age The statue of Hermes belongs to the first category Its bronze prototype the Hermes Richelieu type dates to ca 360 350 BC Its possible creators are believed to have been Argive Sicyonian sculptors of the third generation of successors in the Polykleitan School such as Kleon Alypos and Polykleitos III all of whom were stylistically on the path to Lysippos The Antikythera statue together with the portrait statue from Messene and the variant from Melos now in Berlin which is a work by the Parian sculptor Antiphanes are ascribed to the very small group of Late Hellenistic variants of this type the majority of which dates to the first two centuries after Christ The underwater investigations carried out in the area of the Antikythera shipwreck have to date yielded a group of twenty glass vessels wholly or fragmentarily preserved This number however should not be considered the final count since the ship s entire cargo has not been retrieved Future excavation is sure to bring more objects to light enriching our knowledge and illuminating previously unknown facets of research on glass and glass artifacts Βibliography with references to the

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2012/mar/mar12-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    de Solla Price An Ancient Greek Computer Scientific American 200 1959 60 67 D J de Solla Price Gears from the Greeks The Antikythera Mechanism A Calendar Computer from ca 80 B C TransactAmPhilosSoc 64 7 1974 5 70 reprinted as a monograph by the Science History Publications New York 1975 M Τ Wright An Apparatus for Linear Tomography of the Antikythera Mechanism Working notes Science Museum London 1990 M T Wright A G Bromley H Magou Simple X Ray Tomography and the Antikythera Mechanism P roceedings of the Second Conference of Archaeometry in South Eastern Europe in Delphi 19 21 April 1991 PACT 45 1995 531 543 M Wright A G Bromley Current Work on the Antikythera Mechanism Proceedings of the Conference on Ancient Greek Technology Thessaloniki 1997 19 25 G J Toomer Ptolemy s Almagest Princeton 1998 Μ Edmunds Ρ Morgan The Antikythera Mechanism Still a Μystery of Greek Αstronomy Astronomy and Geophysics 41 6 2000 10 17 Τ Freeth The Antikythera Mechanism 1 Challenging the Classic Research Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 2 1 2002 21 35 Τ Freeth The Antikythera Mechanism 2 Is it Posidonius Orrery Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 2 2 2002 45 58 M Τ Wright A Planetarium Display for the Antikythera Mechanism Horological Journal 144 5 2002 168 173 and 144 6 2002 193 M Τ Wright Epicyclic Gearing and the Antikythera Mechanism Part 1 Antiquarian Horology 27 3 2003 267 279 M Τ Wright In the Steps of the Master Mechanic in Ancient Greece and the Modern World Proceedings of a Conference in Ancient Olympia 2002 University of Patras 2003 86 97 M T Wright A G Bromley Towards a New Reconstruction of the Antikythera Mechanism in S A Paipetis ed Extraordinary Machines and Structures in Antiquity Proceedings of a Conference of Archaeometry in South Eastern Europe in Ancient Olympia 2001 University of Patras 2003 81 94 M Τ Wright The Scholar The Mechanic and the Antikythera Mechanism Complementary Approaches to the Study of an Instrument Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society 80 2004 4 11 M Τ Wright The Antikythera Mechanism Seminars in the History of Science and Technology Science Museum and Imperial College December 2004 M Τ Wright The Antikythera Mechanism a New Gearing Scheme Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society 85 2005 2 7 M Τ Wright Ο Μηχανισμός των Αντικυθήρων Η κατασκευή οργάνων στην αρχαιότητα Αρχαιολογία και Τέχνες 95 2005 54 60 M T Wright Epicyclic gearing and the Antikythera Mechanism Part 2 Antiquarian Horology 29 2 2005 51 63 Μ Τ Wright Counting Months and Years The Upper Back Dial of the Antikythera Mechanism Bulletin of the Scientific Instrument Society 87 2005 8 13 M T Wright Understanding the Antikythera Mechanism Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Ancient Greek Technology Athens 2005 49 60 T Freeth Υ Bitsakis Χ Moussas J H Seiradakis Α Tselikas Η Mangou Μ Zafeiropoulou R Hadland D Bate Α Ramsey Μ Allen Α Crawley Ρ Hockley Τ Malzbender D Gelb W Ambrisco

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2012/apr/apr12-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    have been used primarily in the construction of the frames There are traces of caulking on the outer part of the plank A layer of resin or pitch would have been placed between the planking and a sheath of lead sheets to protect the ship s hull against marine borers The lead sheets were held in place by short bronze nails On the surviving plank six horizontal parallel lines of short bronze nails are fixed at a regular spacing of 0 04 0 05 m the same distance is kept between each individual line Particular care is given to the vertical axial alignment of every nail as well the nails in any one line correlate to the intermediate spacing of those immediately above and below in the quincunx pattern A consistency in the distribution of the nails is thus achieved most effectively distributing the stresses evenly and regularly over the area concerned an essential consideration given that the hull is exposed to heavy vibrations and external pressures On the outer surface of the plank seven nails with round heads of about 0 034 m in diameter are visible Their shafts circular in section are driven through wooden treenails hammered into prefabricated holes that were themselves drilled through the planking and the frames These nails fastened the planking to the frames They were hammered in from the outside two and in some cases three nails were required for each frame in each plank Especial attention was paid to avoid placing two bordering nails on the same vertical axis this care reduces the risk of splitting the attached frame The considerable thickness of the plank allowed the cutting of mortises on the edges in two parallel lines The broken tenons of the joinery are still visible in these cuttings They have an

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2012/may/may12-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    once the Eros figure now missing would have hung The plaque s surface is decorated by three successive oval settings one holds an emerald or prase being flanked by two cabochon garnets inlaid in smaller rimmed settings The settings are separated by twisted wires and are surrounded by twenty tiny pearls attached with the aid of pins to an equal number of small cylindrical settings soldered to the main plaque The Eros figure in the near dancing pose that characterizes such figures of this age holds aloft in both hands an open folding mirror The two attachments belong to that group where essentially identical figures yet displaying contrasting movement in postures also termed mirror images Τhese earrings are similar to those from the hoard on the island of Delos and Palaiokastro Thessaly Due to their polychromy and the presence of Eros Attis in other specimens of the category some scholars attribute them to Syrian workshops According to another theory they are creations of goldsmiths influenced from the jewellery production of Black Sea and Ptrolemaic Egypt The presence and professional activity of Syrian merchants and craftsmen in Delos the tax heaven of the ancient world from 166 to 69 BC should be mentioned The combination of colored of precious and semiprecious stones with pearls on female jewels was facilitated by the easier provision of those materials from the middle of the 2nd century BC Pliny in his work Historia Naturalis 37 12 links the love of pearls and precious stones to the triumph of Pompey in 63 BC A few other gold jewels were collected from the shipwreck one more similar earring with kithara playing Eros a rhomboid setting with inlaid emerald or prase and a bezel setting met in costly inlaid necklaces and a male finger ring It is noteworthy

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2012/jun/jun12-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive

  • NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF ATHENS - OFFICIAL SITE
    The association of several amphora types with specific regions has allowed tentative classification Due to their peculiar shape they could be lined up and stacked in the hull of a ship in such a way that shifting of the cargo could be prevented The amphora was the chief vase for transporting liquid as well as solid goods Transport amphorae may have been loaded in a ship s hold both in the region where they were produced as well as at a central port where products of various origins were collected either to meet local needs or for sale in other regions Not all amphorae carried by the ship that wrecked off Antikythera have been retrieved Thus their initial number cannot be determined They were probably not gathered in the same location since different types of amphorae have been localized in different parts of the ship It seems that they were secondary freight Four types of commercial amphorae are represented those from Rhodes Kos Ephesos the Nikandros Group and Lamboglia 2 Whereas the latter type may have been used by the crew during the journey the remaining categories should have contained products that were popular amongst the Romans such as the brined wine mixed with seawater from Kos or wine from Rhodes Rhodian amphorae are recognizable both by their angular handles and the stamps on them They are known from many shipwrecks throughout the Mediterranean Double handles are characteristic of the amphorae from Kos Ephesian amphorae have a strong outwardly flaring rim conical grooved toe and rectangular stamps on the handles They have been found in a number of areas including the Athenian Agora Corinth Alexandreia and Palestine Amphorae of the Lamboglia 2 type made on the coasts of the Adriatic were particularly widespread in the Mediterranean during the 1st century

    Original URL path: http://www.namuseum.gr/object-month/2012/jul/jul12-en.html (2016-02-09)
    Open archived version from archive



  •