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  • τους ιστούς σε ολόκληρη την έκταση του σώματος ενώ κάτω από φυσιολογικές συνθήκες παραμένει σε κάποιο βαθμό ελαστική Ήπια έλξη πάνω στη περιτονία σε τυχαίες διευθύνσεις από διάφορες θέσεις βοηθάει στον εντοπισμό περιοχών με περιορισμό της ελαστικότητας Αυτές οι περιοχές ερμηνεύονται ως πάσχουσες περιοχές ή υπολείμματα από ήδη προηγούμενες θεραπευμένες παθήσεις Ο διαχωρισμός των ενεργών προβλημάτων από τα υπολειμματικά γίνεται με μία τεχνική που ονομάζεται arcing την οποία παρουσίασε ο εμπνευστής της Κρανιοιερής Θεραπείας Dr John Upledger και ο βιοφυσικός Zvi Karni στο Michigan State University Με τη βοήθεια μηχανό ηλεκτρικής παρακολούθησης διαπίστωσαν ότι ενεργειακά πεδία που βρίσκονται μέσα στο σώμα ή έξω από αυτό μπορούν να ψηλαφισθούν από εκπαιδευμένους θεραπευτές Η τεχνική arcing απαιτεί ο θεραπευτής να μπορεί να αισθανθεί την παρεμβολή των ενεργειακών κυμάτων που δημιουργούνται από μια ενεργή πάθηση η οποία τείνει να τοποθετείται πάνω από τις φυσιολογικές ήπιες κινήσεις του σώματος Ο θεραπευτής ακολουθώντας τα ίχνη προσπαθεί να εντοπίσει την πηγή που τα προκαλεί Η πηγή θεωρείται ότι είναι ο βασικός πυρήνας που περιβάλλει το πρόβλημα ενώ σε αρκετές περιπτώσεις βρίσκεται μακριά από την περιοχή που γίνονται αντιληπτά τα συμπτώματα από τον ασθενή Συνήθως η ενεργή πάθηση κυριαρχεί καταφανώς πάνω στις φυσιολογικές δραστηριότητες ή άλλες ήπιες

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/diadikasia-aksiologhshs-sth-kranioierh-therapeia/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • την τριβή ή την ακατάλληλη επαφή που μπορεί να επηρεάσει την μεταφορά των ηλεκτρικών νευρικών φορτίων ή ακόμα την φθορά των κυτταρικών τοιχωμάτων 6 Διατηρεί την κατάλληλη συγκέντρωση ιόντων απαραίτητο για την δημιουργία και μεταφορά των νευρικών ερεθισμάτων ώστε να μπορούμε να σκεπτόμαστε να θυμόμαστε να αισθανόμαστε και να κινούμαστε Η Σκληρά Μήνιγγα σχηματίζει μια εσωτερική φόδρα για αρκετά κρανιακά οστά Συνδέεται επίσης με συγκεκριμένες περιοχές του σπονδυλικού καναλιού Αυτές οι περιοχές είναι αραιές σε σχέση με τις ενδοκρανιακές συνδέσεις επιτρέποντας τις κινήσεις της σπονδυλικής στήλης Ο περιορισμός της ελαστικότητας της Σκληράς Μήνιγγας για οποιονδήποτε λόγο προκαλεί περιορισμό της λειτουργικότητας του Κρανιοϊερού Συστήματος με επιπτώσεις στο ΚΝΣ στο ενδοκρινολογικό σύστημα και το αμυντικό σύστημα του οργανισμού Ο όγκος του ΕΝΥ μέσα στο Κρανιοϊερό σύστημα συνεχώς και ρυθμικά αυξάνεται και μειώνεται με συχνότητα 6 έως 12 κύκλους το λεπτό Αυτή η συνεχής αλλαγή του όγκου απαιτεί από τα όρια των μεμβρανών συνεχή απόσβεση ώστε να αποτραπεί η αύξηση της πίεσης που ασκείται στον ευαίσθητο Εγκέφαλο και τον Νωτιαίο Μυελό Μέρος αυτής της απόσβεσης γίνεται από τις ραφές που υπάρχουν μεταξύ των οστών του κρανίου που επιτρέπουν μια ελαφρά κίνηση σε αντίθεση με ότι πίστευαν παλαιότερα Παθολογικά αίτια δυσλειτουργία ή τραυματισμός μπορεί να προκαλέσουν περιορισμό της κινητικότητας των οστών του κρανίου της σπονδυλικής στήλης ή της λεκάνης Προκαλείται τότε δυσλειτουργία του Κρανιοϊερού Συστήματος άρα και του ΚΝΣ που μπορεί να εκδηλωθεί με αισθητικές κινητικές ή νευρολογικές διαταραχές Ο ΡΟΛΟΣ ΤΗΣ ΚΡΑΝΙΟΪΕΡΗΣ ΘΕΡΑΠΕΙΑΣ Η Κρανιοϊερή Θεραπεία επικεντρώνεται στα εξής 1 Στον έλεγχο του περιορισμού της κινητικότητας όλων των οστών που σχετίζονται με το Κρανιοϊερό Σύστημα κρανίου προσώπου σπονδυλικής στήλης και λεκάνης Χωρίς να εφαρμόσει ανατάξεις ή κινητοποίηση manipulation σε αυτά καθαυτά τα οστά ο θεραπευτής ασχολείται με οποιονδήποτε παράγοντα μπορεί να συνεισφέρει στην διευκόλυνση της κινητικότητας τους Είναι συνηθισμένο να προκαλείται περιορισμός στη κινητικότητα των κρανιακών ραφών εξαιτίας τραυματισμού χειρουργικής επέμβασης κατάγματος ή άλλης κάκωσης Όλα τα οστά που σχετίζονται με το Κρανιοϊερό Σύστημα είναι ευάλωτα στην αυξημένη τάση που προκαλείται από τους μύες τους τένοντες τους συνδέσμους και την περιτονία που έρχονται σε επαφή μαζί τους Ακόμα μπορεί να μειωθεί η κινητικότητα τους λόγω περιορισμού της κινητικότητας σε άλλα οστά με τα οποία αρθρώνονται Για παράδειγμα το κάτω άκρο μπορεί να επηρεάσει την λεκάνη η οποία με την σειρά της να επηρεάσει το Ιερό οστό με το οποίο συνδέεται η Σκληρά Μήνιγγα Το αποτέλεσμα είναι αυξημένη τάση και διαταραχή της λειτουργικότητας του Κρανιοϊερού Συστήματος Ο Θεραπευτής εντοπίζει αυτούς τους παράγοντες που συνεισφέρουν στην διαταραχή με σκοπό να αποκαταστήσει την λειτουργικότητα όπου αυτό είναι δυνατόν Για τον λόγο αυτόν αξιολογεί και εργάζεται με σκοπό να αποκαταστήσει την συνολική λειτουργική κινητικότητα του σώματος Αν αυτό δεν είναι δυνατόν ο θεραπευτής βοηθάει το σώμα να αναπτύξει τον καλύτερο μηχανισμό που θα του επιτρέψει να περιορίζει την λειτουργικότητα του Κρανιοϊερού Συστήματος όσο το δυνατόν λιγότερο 2 Στον έλεγχο του περιορισμού της ελαστικότητας του συστήματος των σπονδυλικών μεμβρανών Το σύστημα των σπονδυλικών μεμβρανών πρέπει να είναι ελαστικό ώστε να επιτρέπει την ελεύθερη κίνηση της σπονδυλικής στήλης ενώ

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/%ce%bf-%cf%81%cf%8c%ce%bb%ce%bf%cf%82-%cf%84%ce%bf%cf%85-%ce%ba%cf%81%ce%b1%ce%bd%ce%b9%ce%bf%cf%8a%ce%b5%cf%81%ce%bf%cf%8d-%cf%83%cf%85%cf%83%cf%84%ce%ae%ce%bc%ce%b1%cf%84%ce%bf%cf%82/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • παθολογική διαδικασία με ένα μοναδικό τρόπο Έτσι άνθρωποι με ουσιαστικά την ίδια διάγνωση μπορεί να ανταποκρίνονται τελείως διαφορετικά στην Κρανιοϊερή Θεραπεία Με δεδομένη αυτή την απόκλιση και την απόλυτη ατομική ανταπόκριση στη θεραπεία συμπεραίνουμε ότι πάντοτε είναι πιθανό να έχουμε θετικά αποτελέσματα Έχοντας την προσοχή μας να μην έχουμε ούτε να δίνουμε σε κανένα μη ρεαλιστικές προσδοκίες δεν πρέπει ποτέ να περιορίζουμε τι είναι πιθανόν να συμβεί Απλά εφαρμόζουμε την

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/dinoume-stous-astheneis-pseytikes-elpides/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • stains There was no chemical invasion here at all no phenol or formaldehyde or anything We saw the structure of the suture was very capable of movement Then we measured it on monkeys and it moved very well on monkeys Then we found out it was a singular hydraulic system I would put just a little pressure on the tailbone of the monkey and I could stop the motion of the skullbones I would do this because of the connection and the hydraulic force that I was able to exert increasing the hydraulic pressure just a little bit Dennis So sometimes you will work on one area of the body that will actually be treating a problem on another part of the body Dr John Yes That s probably going on at least 75 of the time in good CranioSacral Therapy Dennis That reminds me of chiropractic being that the spine is from the top to the bottom of your torso and the nerves affect the whole body Dr John Sure they do I am an osteopath so obviously I ve learned spinal manipulation too and we have a lot in common with chiropractic in that aspect of our education I don t think there s much argument about that What I like about the sutural movement is that if the suture does not move we know there is something wrong Then we do things to make it start moving In cranial work you don t have to work hard you don t do any thrusting or any sudden pushing You just resist a movement in the place where it s moving hard where it has the most motion Then the hydraulic portion in the inside will open up that stuck suture for you Dennis In your book you state that you use no more than the pressure of a nickel Dr John That s right Five grams is what we teach Dennis Then you hold that for a period of time Dr John Yes You see this is a pumping action The volume of the fluid is going up and down about ten times a minute inside the skull Cerebrospinal fluid volume emdash there s the pressure In any hydraulic system if you push in one place the force you use is being broadcast throughout all of the fluid Dennis The heart is pumping your blood and I understand that there s a rhythm to the spinal fluid but I sort of saw it as static like a brake system What s making it move Dr John I ll come to that in a minute What I was pointing out is that you can use the rise and fall of fluid pressure and I ll get to how that happens There s a suture that goes across the top of your head like a pair of earphones would come together That s the coronal suture Let s say that it s stuck because your forehead has been jammed backwards because you fell down and you banged your forehead You jammed that suture together Now the compensation to allow for the rise and fall of fluid volume inside may be taken up in a suture that runs up along the back of your head from side to side Now I examine it and find that the two bones the frontal and the parietal bone where you got jammed are not moving and the compensation is happening in the suture which is a couple of inches behind that So if I put my hand on the back one and hold it together with just a little bit of pressure and then let that pumping action of fluid on the inside work on the suture that s stuck it will gradually begin to open that suture That s how this works we are taking the compensation away in one place reducing it and that causes the hydraulic force to go to the other place If you really know how this works and you understand the anatomy you get so you can direct force all over the place Now you want to know what causes the pumping action to occur am I right Dennis That s the question I have Dr John What we found out first of all is that the sutures spread and close as I said in about ten cycles per minute Now in the saggital suture which is the suture that separates the two halves of your skull it runs front to back down the midline and it starts about four inches above your eyes there are nerve receptors that stretch and broadcast the stretch They also have compression receptors so that when the two bones come together and press enough another signal is sent The signals go down a nerve trunk we discovered that runs down through that membrane system which separates your brain into right and left parts It goes into the ventricles of the brain and gives a signal down there In the ventricle system of the brain is what is called the choroid plexus and that plexus extracts fluid from blood In other words it uses osmotic pressure and some active extraction but blood flows through capillaries on one side of this system and it extracts just the fluid and leaves the cells so it takes kind of a blood plasma out Actually it s a little more selective than that It doesn t allow all of the ions to pass through That is the manufacture of cerebrospinal fluid Dennis So cerebrospinal fluid is made from blood Dr John Correct It s made from the blood It is made from the blood at a certain speed Let s call it speed 2x Now there s a constant reabsorption going on of the cerebrospinal fluid back into the bloodstream at the rate of 1x The reabsorption stuff is located in most of the venous channels in the skull itself The reabsorption system is called the arachnoid system The arachnoid reabsorbs the cerebrospinal fluid and puts it back into the blood Blood comes into the skull some of the fluid is extracted from it and it becomes cerebrospinal fluid At the same time some of that fluid is being reabsorbed It s only reabsorbed at speed 1x half as fast as it s produced Dennis Different rate of motion twice the speed Dr John Yes Obviously the volume increases and when it does the suture I talked about on the top of your head is expanding It has stretch receptors up there When it stretches to a certain point it sends a signal down that says stop making fluid and then it stops Reabsorption continues As the reabsorption then brings the fluid volume down again the suture begins to close When it hits the compression receptors the message goes down to turn the production back on What we found is the production is on for about three seconds and off for about three seconds in a normal situation which gives you about a six second cycle Dennis That s caused by a pulse in the nervous system Dr John No not a pulse in the nervous system It s caused by the literal physical pressure in the suture either compressing or stretching The switches that turn on and off control the production turning on and off and that s what causes the motion to occur Dennis Which is at ten cycles per minute Dr John Ten or twelve It varies a little bit from person to person Dennis I thought it was very fascinating when you mentioned early in your book Your Inner Physician and You your discovery of this system I forget the name of the gentleman that you were working on Dr John Delbert Smith I owe my whole career to him I guess Dennis You found something calcified a coin sized shape on the outside of his membrane and you noticed that it had a rhythmic pulse which was different than the breathing machine or the heart rate machine I thought that was very fascinating emdash it had a rhythm but it wasn t related to the other two Dr John At this particular juncture I could visualize the rhythm of the other two systems and this was different It stuck in my mind because I could not hold this membrane still for the surgeon to scrape the tumor off He was pretty upset with me But he turned out to be the same surgeon that sent us the skull bone samples so that we could prove that sutures could move Dennis So this is a system in the body that s obviously always been there but no one was really aware of Dr John That s about right Cranial osteopaths knew about skull bones moving but they didn t understand this system I saw this thing in my patient and I knew that there was something different that I didn t know anything about and nobody else in the operating room knew anything about it either Then along comes a piece of literature from the Cranial Osteopathy Academy When I was in school they were considered kind of offbeat quack types Most of the people in our college wanted them to hide because they were considered an embarrassment Everybody knew skull bones didn t move as far as the school was concerned but these guys were getting some clinical results they didn t know why the skull bones were moving but they knew they were moving I had the opportunity to see what was making them move during surgery Most of the guys that did Cranial Osteopathy never did much surgery Most of them were a bit more elderly and osteopaths until the 1940 s weren t doing much surgery So what happened was I took a position they had offered me at Michigan State to research several things I researched Kirlian photography acupuncture and Cranial Osteopathy We came up with how this whole thing works and actually the Cranial Academy didn t like the idea because it was like heresy against the mainstream of their organization My job was to put a scientific basis underneath it and either prove it or disprove it That s what our dean wanted me to do I proved it was there but it was different from what they thought it was So we did discover this system as it is and we called it the craniosacral system Dennis It s also worth mentioning here for our readers that you began in private practice but you did spend nearly a decade as a clinical researcher and professor of biomechanics at Michigan State University After that you founded your institute Dr John Well I was in private practice for almost twelve years in Clearwater Beach Florida before I was in Michigan This is where I saw Delbert Smith Then I went up to Michigan State in 1975 They offered me this job as a clinician researcher and I accepted it and was up there for over 8 years Later on I was teaching at the Metiger Foundation in Topeka and one of the people from Unity Church heard me there and asked me would I like to start a model holistic health center there for Unity Churches So I took that job for three years Then we started our own institute after that in 1985 in Palm Beach Gardens Florida Dennis In CranioSacral Therapy how are evaluation and treatment carried out Dr John Our treatment is all done hands on and our evaluation is all done hands on There s an example I can talk about where the patient doesn t have any problem with sharing Perhaps you remember an Olympic diver Mary Ellen Clark She won the bronze medal on the high platform in Atlanta Mary Ellen was suffering from vertigo dizziness which is common to high divers She had been all over the country She came to see me in September in hopes that she could make a comeback She had to lay off diving for about four months prior to that So I evaluated her and I m looking for stuck places in the craniosacral rhythm or the way it broadcast through the body Her problem is dizziness so she s been treated by all kinds of ear nose and throat specialists and other doctors but nothing worked She couldn t dive So I scanned her body as we would do in a craniosacral examination What I found out was a lot of the problem was coming from the lower end down at the sacrum and up the dural tube of that tube of membrane into the head and then restricting the right temporal bone This in turn was causing her to get dizzy because your balance mechanisms are located in the temporal bone The normal mobility of 10 12 cycles per minute motion was restricted in that temporal bone Now it wouldn t do any good to move the temporal bone if you don t get the reason why it s stuck That came from down in her lower back Tracing from her lower back what I wound up with is she had an old injury in her left knee that was coming muscle wise and fascia wise up into her low back restricting her sacrum That was compromising the activity of her craniosacral system which in turn was screwing up her temporal bone and making her dizzy I got her knee fixed and then everything else was a piece of cake and she was back to diving again And then she won the bronze medal at the Olympics Dennis That s excellent How does this relate to tissue memory and what you call the energy cyst Dr John When I was at Michigan State I did a lot of work with physicists biophysicists particularly While I was working there one of the things we did was we had Wednesday morning meetings and we had five clinicians and twenty two PhD s from a wide variety of scientific backgrounds We had already gone through the suture movement business and we had the hydraulic system pretty well taken care of Working with these patients I said You know I feel like there is an energy transference between the patient and myself when I am working with them Part of that is because you have your hands still on them You use maybe a little pressure on one finger and then you move this or that but your hand stays essentially in the same place so that the hand skin contact on a patient or through the hair is pretty constant At the same time I am doing research with Kirlian photography What I was doing was taking Kirlian pictures of my fingers and my patients fingers on the same place before and after every session I did this for a couple of years What I noticed was let s say you came in with severe back pain and I worked on you the first Kirlian picture you would probably have very weak coronas or defective coronas which is the name for the broadcast of the energy out I might have strong ones but at the end of the session maybe you got strong or full corona and I got more defective It would look like I lost some energy to you Now the question becomes emdash and I threw this at the physicists emdash can we measure that kind of energy transference For a week or two the physicists ignored this question and then I kind of insulted them and told them if they knew what they were doing they would be able to answer this This guy Carney got real angry with me and said he would come work with me to prove I was an idiot Anyhow he started watching me with all of the patients He was there all the time What did you do that for why d you do this why d you do that Ultimately we wound up studying and making recordings of full body electrical potential tuning out such things as electro myographic stuff What we were looking for was the body potential of fluctuations considering that the body has a bag full of electrolyte conductors and the skin is the insulator that keeps it inside When I do certain things just by positional changes or modifying the cranial rhythm by compressing one area that s moving too much that kind of thing it would change the electrical potential of the total body as we were measuring way down in the lower limbs What he taught me to realize was when I found the right position with a patient to reduce the pain or to take that pain away the electrical potential that he was measuring would drop when I got in exactly the right place If I kept it there long enough the electrical potential would start to come up a little bit He said How did you know how to find that place It took a lot of introspection but finally I discovered that when I found exactly the place that took the pain away the craniosacral rhythm stopped It stopped at the same time that the body electrical potential would drop What we discovered here was that there is a change in electrical potential when I find exactly the right position Now how did I find the position Well my answer to that was that I just followed the body s tendency What we found out over a lot of arduous work was that if I was very skillful and very sensitive I could find the position I would go with that body to a position that alleviated the pain It was the body that was taking me there Then we found out those were the positions that the injury had occurred in initially It

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/an-interview-with-dr-john-upledger-d-o-o-m-m/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • which slight changes in intracranial pressure could negatively affect your client How do you know when this is the case If you re not sure my best advice is to ask Is there something in your client s history or even from your own intuition that is troubling you If so I recommend holding off on therapy and consulting with your client s physician Ask if there is any concern about slight changes in intracranial pressure affecting your mutual client There also are some specific situations in which you might want to refer your client to a more experienced CranioSacral Therapist who has gone through advanced training The Upledger Institute s Advanced I CranioSacral Therapy workshop or higher Recent brain hemorrhage or stroke Refer to an advanced therapist or proceed after the client s physician verifies there is no more bleeding and gives you the go ahead Recent spinal tap or puncture in the Craniosacral system Refer to an advanced therapist or proceed after the client s physician verifies there is no more leaking of spinal fluid and gives you the go ahead Arnold Chiari Malformation This is an incomplete foramen magnum in which the inferior poles of the cerebellar hemispheres and the medulla protrude and may herniate through the foramen magnum Refer to an advanced therapist or proceed after the client s physician gives the go ahead If you do proceed do so with the lightest pressure possible If you do any dural tube work set the intention to work in a way that causes no inferior strain In other words don t do anything that places more strain or shifts the fluid pressure to place more strain on the foramen magnum brainstem and dural tube You might even choose to avoid certain techniques altogether that directly engage the

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/antendeikseis-ths-kranioierhs-therapeias/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • are considered to be on the function of the central nervous system the immune system the endocrine system and the visceral organs via the autonomic nervous system This therapy has been used with reported success in many cases of brain and spinal cord dysfunction Although these successes have not been documented in formal studies they have been observed subjectively or anecdotally by both patients and therapists Most prominent among these success reports are cases of brain injury resulting in symptoms of spastic paralysis and seizure Other areas of claimed success include cerebral palsy learning disabilities seizure disorders depressive reactions menstrual dysfunction motor dysfunction strabismus a vision disorder temporomandibular joint problems various headaches chronic pain problems and chronic fatigue syndrome Research on tissues has documented the potential for movement between skull bones in adult humans and pilot work with live primates has shown rhythmical movement of their skull bones Interrater reliability studies which look for correlations in the observations of two or more independent raters see the Osteopathic Medicine section have shown agreement between blinded therapists evaluating preschool aged children blinding means that the therapists making the observations did not know which children had received craniosacral therapy nor did they know the history or problems of the children Upledger 1977a Controlled studies have shown high correlation between schoolchildren with various brain dysfunctions and specific dysfunctions of the craniosacral system that is the craniosacral exam scores correlated with recorded school teacher and psychologist opinions of not normal behavioral problems motor coordination problems learning disabilities and obstetrical complications Upledger 1977b Moreover Upledger reports that a few pilot studies by dentists have demonstrated significant changes in the transverse dimension of the hard palate as well as in occlusion in response to craniosacral therapy At present work is under way that appears to demonstrate fluctuations

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/craniosacral-therapy/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • becomes more compressed and localized the disorganization within this compressed energy increases until it becomes an energy cyst A person can adapt to energy cysts however over time the body needs extra energy to continue performing its day to day functions As years pass and the body becomes more stressed it can lose its ability to adapt This is when symptoms and dysfunctions begin to appear and become difficult to suppress or ignore Fortunately a technique called Energy Cyst Release can help the skilled therapist deal with these particular challenges It is an effective way of encouraging your client s body to release those areas of blocked energy and accelerate a full recovery Energy Cyst Release is a component of CranioSacral Therapy which addresses restrictions in the craniosacral system that surrounds the brain and spinal cord Using a light touch the practitioner monitors the rhythm of the fluid coursing through the craniosacral system to detect potential restrictions and imbalances Delicate techniques help release those problem areas and relieve undue pressure on the brain and spinal cord As part of that process the body will sometimes spontaneously return to the same position it was in when the injury was first sustained As this occurs the therapist can feel the tissues of the body relax as the energy cyst is expelled Then the body is free to fully return to its optimal levels of functioning This is what happened after a woman named Rebecca was involved in a severe automobile accident She visited a CranioSacral Therapist to help relieve the constant pain she had experienced for eight months Though her fractures had healed she was left with severe headaches that occurred almost daily and her neck and lower back hurt constantly The therapist first tried to find a structural reason that would

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/releasing-the-energy-cyst/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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  • σε θέση να καταστείλουν τις αποκλίσεις φέρνοντας το σύστημα σε αρμονική κατάσταση Γενικότερα ένα αυτό οργανωμένο ή αυτό ρυθμισμένο σύστημα μπορεί να μετατραπεί σε πλήθος σχετικά αυτόνομων οργανωτικά κλειστών υποσυστημάτων τα οποία θα συνεχίζουν να αλληλεπιδρούν με πιο έμμεσους τρόπους Οι αλληλεπιδράσεις αυτές θα τείνουν να σταθεροποιηθούν σε αυτάρκεις κλειστές διαμορφώσεις καθορίζοντας τα υποσυστήματα υψηλότερων επιπέδων της ιεραρχίας τα οποία εμπεριέχουν τα πρωταρχικά υποσυστήματα ως στοιχεία τους Αυτά τα υψηλότερου επιπέδου συστήματα θα αλληλεπιδρούν μέχρι να φτάσουν σε ένα κλειστό τύπο αλληλεπιδράσεων που θα ορίζει με την σειρά του ένα σύστημα ακόμη υψηλότερης τάξης Έτσι εξηγείται η ιεραρχική αρχιτεκτονική των πολύπλοκων συστημάτων σε κάθε επίπεδο των οποίων μπορούμε να διακρίνουμε σχετικά αυτόνομες κλειστές οργανώσεις Για παράδειγμα ένα κύτταρο είναι ένα οργανωτικά κλειστό σύστημα που περιλαμβάνει ένα πολύπλοκο δίκτυο αλληλεπιδραστικών χημικών κύκλων μέσα σε μία μεμβράνη που το προστατεύει από εξωτερικές παρενοχλήσεις Ωστόσο τα κύτταρα είναι οργανωμένα σε ιστούς φτιάχνοντας έναν πολυκυτταρικό οργανισμό Με τον όρο ομοιόσταση ορίζεται η λειτουργία εκείνη που ο οργανισμός γενικά τόσο ως σώμα όσο και ως ψυχή συντονίζεται με το εξωτερικό περιβάλλον προκειμένου να έχει μια αρμονία τόσο στην επιβίωση όσο και στην ευχάριστη παρουσία του ως μέλος του συνόλου Μια ειδική περιοχή στον εγκέφαλο η λεγόμενη νήσος του Ράϊλ ή νησιδιακός φλοιός είναι εκείνη η εγκεφαλική περιοχή η οποία βρίσκεται στον κροταφικό λοβό και στα δυο ημισφαίρια και συντονίζει αυτή την ομοιόσταση Δηλαδή επεξεργάζεται τα ερεθίσματα που έρχονται από έξω τα συγκρίνει με δικές της εμπειρίες και τα ολοκληρώνει σαν βιώματα τα οποία ανάλογα με το πως θα τα ερμηνεύσει κάνουν τη ζωή του ανθρώπου ευχάριστη ή δυσάρεστη ΣΕ ΚΑΤΑΣΤΑΣΕΙΣ STRESS ΚΑΙ ΧΡΟΝΙΟΥ ΠΟΝΟΥ ΓΙΑΤΙ Η ΟΜΟΙΟΣΤΑΣΗ ΕΙΝΑΙ Ο ΘΕΡΑΠΕΥΤΙΚΟΣ ΜΑΣ ΣΤΟΧΟΣ Στα προηγούμενα άρθρα ΜΕΡΟΣ 1ο και ΜΕΡΟΣ 2ο έχω αναλύσει ότι σε καταστάσεις stress μέσω της αντίδρασης του μεταιχμιακού συστήματος το σώμα απελευθερώνει

    Original URL path: http://craniosacral.gr/stress-kai-ponos3/?print=print (2016-02-10)
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